Short Courses

FD-1 - Multibeam Antennas and Beamforming Networks

Giovanni Toso, Piero Angeletti

FD-2 - THz technology and Instrumentation

Miguel Navarro-Cia

Bio: Miguel Navarro-Cía (S’08–M’10-SM’15) received the MSci and PhD degrees in Telecommunication Engineering, and MRes degree in Introduction to Research in Communications from the Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain, in 2006, 2010 and 2007, respectively.

He is a Birmingham Fellow at University of Birmingham, UK. He is also affiliated with Imperial College London and University College London as a Visiting Researcher. Previously, he was a Research & Teaching Assistant at Universidad Pública de Navarra (2010-2011), a Research Associate at Imperial College London (2011-2012) and University College London (2012), and a Junior Research Fellow at Imperial College London (2012-2015). He worked as a Visiting Researcher at University of Pennsylvania (3 months in 2010), at Imperial College London (13 months between 2008 and 2010), and at Valencia Nanophotonics Technology Center (2 months in 2008).

He is the coauthor of 2 chapter books (e.g., ‘Principles of THz generation’, published by Wiley-IEEE Press in 2015), 91 journal papers, and 250+ conferences papers. He is an editorial board member for the International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, and Advances in Materials Science and Engineering (Hindawi Publishing Corp.), and he was a TPC member for IEEE AP-S/URSI 2016, EMN Meeting on THz 2016, and MACS’16.

His current research interests are time-domain spectroscopy/microscopy, quasi-optics, plasmonics, metamaterials, antennas and frequency selective surfaces (from millimeter-wave to visible).

Dr Navarro-Cía is a Senior Member of the Optical Society of America (OSA), and a Member of The Institute of Physics (IOP). He was awarded the Best Doctoral Thesis in Basic Principles and Technologies of Information and Communications, and Applications corresponding to the XXXI Edition of Awards “Telecommunication Engineers” 2010, and twice the CST University Publication Awards for the best international journal publication using CST MWSTM (2012 and 2016) and was recipient of the 2011 Junior Research Raj Mittra Travel Grant.

FD-3 - Advanced preconditioning techniques for computational electromagnetics

Francesco P. Andriulli, Eric Michielssen

Abstract: This course reviews the state of the art in effective preconditioning techniques for integral equations pertinent to the analysis of electromagnetic boundary value problems. The techniques covered permit the construction of rapidly convergent iterative solvers for electric and combined field integral equations and are a perfect complement to fast multipole and related accelerators.

Applications of these techniques range from antenna analysis to the characterization of microwave devices and circuits, the analysis of electromagnetic compatibility phenomena, and the synthesis of metamaterials. The course will cover theoretical and practical issues related to the development and implementation of several preconditioners, including those that derive from Calderon identities. Moreover, the course will detail the incorporation of the presented techniques into integral equation codes and their interaction with fast matrix-vector multiplication schemes. Finally, the course will demonstrate the usefulness of the techniques presented in in the above applications.

Bios:

Francesco P. Andriulli received the Laurea in electrical engineering from the Politecnico di Torino, Italy, in 2004, the MSc in electrical engineering and computer science from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 2004, and the PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 2008. From 2008 to 2010 he was a Research Associate with the Politecnico di Torino. Since 2010 he has been with the École nationale supérieure des télécommunications de Bretagne (TELECOM Bretagne), Brest, France, where he is currently a full Professor. His research interests are in computational electromagnetics with focus on frequency- and time-domain integral equation solvers, well-conditioned formulations, fast solvers, low-frequency electromagnetic analysis, and simulation techniques for antennas, wireless components, microwave circuits, and biomedical applications.

Prof. Andriulli was the recipient of the best student paper award at the 2007 URSI North American Radio Science Meeting. He received the first place prize of the student paper context of the 2008 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium. He was the recipient of the 2009 RMTG Award for junior researchers and was awarded two URSI Young Scientist Awards at the International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory in 2010 and 2013 where he was also awarded the second prize in the best paper contest. He also received the 2015 ICEAA IEEE-APWC Best Paper Award. In addition, he co-authored other three first prize conference papers (EMTS 2016, URSI-DE Meeting 2014, ICEAA 2009), a second prize conference paper (URSI GASS 2014), two honorable mention conference papers (ICEAA 2011, URSI/IEEE–APS 2013) and other three finalist conference papers (URSI/IEEE-APS 2012, URSI/IEEE-APS 2007, URSI/IEEE-APS 2006). Moreover, he received the 2014 IEEE AP-S Donald G. Dudley Jr. Undergraduate Teaching Award, the 2014 URSI Issac Koga Gold Medal, and the 2015 L. B. Felsen Award for Excellence in Electrodynamics.

Eric Michielssen received his M.S. in Electrical Engineering (Summa Cum Laude) from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL, Belgium) in 1987, and his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) in 1992. He joined the faculty of the UIUC Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1993, reaching the rank of Full Professor in 2002. In 2005, he joined the University of Michigan (UM) as Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Since 2009, he directs the University of Michigan Computational Science Certificate Program.

Eric Michielssen received a Belgian American Educational Foundation Fellowship in 1988 and a Schlumberger Fellowship in 1990. Furthermore, he was the recipient of a 1994 International Union of Radio Scientists (URSI) Young Scientist Fellowship, a 1995 National Science Foundation CAREER Award, and the 1998 Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES) Valued Service Award. In addition, he was named 1999 URSI United States National Committee Henry G. Booker Fellow and selected as the recipient of the 1999 URSI Koga Gold Medal. He also was awarded the UIUC's 2001 Xerox Award for Faculty Research, appointed 2002 Beckman Fellow in the UIUC Center for Advanced Studies, named 2003 Scholar in the Tel Aviv University Sackler Center for Advanced Studies, selected as UIUC 2003 University and Sony Scholar; in 2011 he received the UM College of Engineering David E. Liddle Research Excellence Award. He is a Fellow of the IEEE (elected 2002) and a member of URSI Commission B.

Eric Michielssen served as the Technical Chairman of the 1997 Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES) Symposium (Review of Progress in Applied Computational Electromagnetics, March 1997, Monterey, CA), and served on the ACES Board of Directors (1998- 2001 and 2002-2003) and as ACES Vice-President (1998-2001). From 1997 to 1999, he was as an Associate Editor for Radio Science, and from 1998 to 2008 he served as Associate Editor for the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.

Eric Michielssen authored or co-authored over one 160 journal papers and book chapters and over 300 papers in conference proceedings. His research interests include all aspects of theoretical and applied computational electromagnetics. His research focuses on the development of fast frequency and time domain integral-equation-based techniques for analyzing electromagnetic phenomena, and the development of robust optimizers for the synthesis of electromagnetic/optical devices.

FD-4 - Base station antennas for 5G – System aspects and design

Claes Beckman

Abstract: This short course gives the participants an overview of the application, implementation and design of current and future base station antennas for mobile communications from 1G to 5G. In particular It is aimed at microwave, RF- and antenna engineers in the wireless area, but also useful for researchers looking for relevant research topics and system engineers needing a deeper understanding of the antenna component of their system. The course explains underlying theoretical and practical implementation aspects of base station antennas in mobile communication networks of today and in 5G networks.

The course is divided into eight parts:
(i) Introduction to and Fundamentals of Base station antennas
(ii) Beam Shaping for Cellular Networks
(iii) Dualband, Multi-band and array types
(iv) Diversity and MIMO implementation in 4G
(v) Multi beam antennas
(vi) 5G Systems, scenarios and frequency bands
(vii) MIMO and massive MIMO antennas in 5G
(viii) Radio waves and health issues in 5G

In the first three parts the fundamental parameters of a base station antenna are discussed in the context of radio network design. In particular we discuss parameters such as gain, radiation patterns, frequency bands and power handling and put them in the context of cell planning, propagation and capacity.

In the fourth and fifth parts of the course we give an overview of the underlying theory of diversity, MIMO and multi beam antenna systems. In particular we look in detail at the implementation of multiple antennas in the various releases of the 3GPP standard.

In the final parts, we discuss 5G Systems, scenarios and frequency bands, and the various multiple antenna and massive MIMO concepts that have been developed and integrated into the 3GPP 5G standards and are to be deployed around the world already in the year 2018. However, we also discuss the health issues related to deploying antennas with high gain narrow band beam in the mm wave and 3.5GHz bands.

Bio: Claes Beckman is the antenna systems engineering professor and the founding director of the research center wireless@kth. He has more than 30 years of experience from both academia and the wireless and radar industries. From 1983 to 1988 he was a microwave design engineer with Ericsson, designing receiver systems for radars. Between 1989 and 1994 he was a PhD student in Applied Electron Physics at Chalmers. His thesis dealt with antennas for microwave hyperthermia. From 1994 to 2001 he was a research manager at the Swedish antenna specialist Allgon designing terminal- and base station antennas for mobile communications. 2001 he founded wireless@kth, the center for wireless systems at KTH, the Royal Institute of Technology. In 2004 he was appointed professor in microwave engineering at the University of Gävle and in 2013 appointed professor of antenna systems engineering at KTH. He has published +100 journal articles and conference reports, holds several patents and has authored numerous inputs to ETSI and the 3GPP committees. He was KTH’s Principal Investigator in the “5G” EU-project METIS. He is the adviser of more than 50 M.Sc., 7 licentiate and 3 PhD thesis. He is a co-founder of the high tech start-up InCoax, a technical adviser to Icomera and a member of the board of Directors of Allgon (public).

FD-5 - Near-Field Wireless

Hans G. Schantz

Abstract: Near-field wireless technology is an emerging area of great importance. Specific applications including wireless power transfer, low frequency (LF) and high frequency (HF) Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID), Near-Field Communications (NFC), RuBee (IEEE 1902.1), and Near-Field Electromagnetic Ranging (NFER). This short course will discuss the origins of near-field wireless and will survey applications. The near field is often overlooked or misunderstood in conventional treatments, so this short course will define and explain how it works, including such concepts as longitudinal electromagnetic waves and the distinction between field propagation and energy flow. This short course will further examine electrically-small antennas for use in near-field links, matching, how Friis’ law must be modified to describe near-field links, and near-field system design considerations such as noise and regulatory concerns.

Outline:
1) Introduction to Near-Field Wireless
2) History of Near-Field Wireless
3) Applications of Near-Field Wireless
4) Maxwell’s Equations in the Near-Field Region
5) Near-Field Electromagnetic Energy
6) Matching
7) Antennas for Near-Field Systems
8) Near-Field Links
9) Near-Field Wireless System Design

Bio: Hans G. Schantz is co-founder and CTO of The Q-Track Corporation (www.q-track.com), makers of Near-Field Electromagnetic Ranging (NFER) indoor location systems. He received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Texas at Austin, and holds degrees in physics and industrial engineering from Purdue University. A prolific inventor with more than 40 U.S. patents to his credit, Dr. Schantz is the author of The Art and Science of Ultrawideband Antennas (2nd ed. Artech House, 2015) and the science fiction thriller, The Hidden Truth (Kindle Direct, 2016). Dr. Schantz is a Senior Member of the IEEE, and a member of the Institute of Navigation (ION).

FD-6 - Reflector Antenna Design and Analysis

Peter Meincke

HD-1 - Reflectarray Antennas: Theory, Designs, and Applications

Payam Nayeri, Fan Tang, Atef Elsherbeni

Abstract: This proposed curriculum for this course will be offered in two parts. In the first part, the history of reflectarray antenna development is first reviewed and then basic theories for analysis and design of reflectarray antennas are presented in detail. This section of the course builds the fundamental knowledge one needs to have in order to understand the governing dynamics of a reflectarray antenna system, and efficiently design and analyze reflectarray antennas. The second part of the course is intended for researchers that have a good knowledge of the basic theories in reflectarray, and aim at designing reflectarray antennas for specific applications/operations. This part starts with a discussion on bandwidth limitation and solutions for broadband designs, and afterwards several advanced application oriented topics in reflectarray antennas will be presented. More in detail, the following material will be presented in this short course.

Part I: Basics of Reflectarray Antennas
• Introduction and Reflectarray History
• Analysis and Design of Phasing Elements
• Aperture Efficiency Analysis
• Radiation Analysis, Pattern Calculation, Loss Budget
• Practical Design Examples

Part II: Advanced Topics on Reflectarray Antennas
• Bandwidth of Reflectarray Antennas
• Multi-Band and Wideband Reflectarray Antennas
• Multi-Beam and Shaped-Beam Reflectarray Antennas
• Beam-Scanning Reflectarray Antennas
• Advanced Configurations (THz/IR, and non-planar reflectarrays)

In summary the proposed short course will effectively provide the attendees with fundamental capabilities and skills required for a researcher in the field of reflectarray antennas. These are tabulated below.
• An overview of the reflectarray antenna research history, including various implementations and state-of-the-art.
• Basic theories for design and analysis of reflectarray antennas, which will help to build up the fundamental capabilities for reflectarray research along with a wealth of design examples that can serve as a good reference for the attendees.
• Design procedures for a wide range of diversified applications, such as broadband designs, multi-band operation, multi-beam performance, beam-scanning systems, and conformal reflectarray antennas, along with illustrative examples for each design.

Bios:

Payam Nayeri is an Assistant Professor with the Electrical Engineering Department at Colorado School of Mines. He received the B.Sc. in applied physics from Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran, in 2004, M.Sc. in electrical engineering from Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran, in 2007, and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from The University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA, in 2012. From 2008 to 2013, he was with the Center for Applied Electromagnetic Systems Research (CAESR) at The University of Mississippi. Prior to this, he was a Visiting Researcher at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. From August 2012 to December 2013, he was a Postdoctoral Research Associate and Instructor with the Electrical Engineering Department, The University of Mississippi. From January 2014 to June 2015, he was a post-doctoral fellow with the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA. Dr. Nayeri joined the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department at Colorado School of Mines as an assistant professor in July 2015. His research is in the area of antenna arrays and RF/microwave devices and systems with applications in deep space communications, microwave imaging, and remote sensing. He is a member of IEEE, Sigma Xi, and Phi Kappa Phi and has authored three books and over seventy journal articles and conference papers. He has been the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Doctoral Research Award in 2010, and the University of Mississippi Graduate Achievement Award in Electrical Engineering in 2011.

Fan Yang received the B.S. and M.S. degrees from Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, and the Ph.D. degree from the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). From 1994 to 1999, he was a Research Assistant with the State Key Laboratory of Microwave and Digital Communications, Tsinghua University. From 1999 to 2002, he was a Graduate Student Researcher with the Antenna Laboratory, UCLA. From 2002 to 2004, he was a Post-Doctoral Research Engineer and Instructor with the Electrical Engineering Department, UCLA. In 2004, he joined the Electrical Engineering Department, The University of Mississippi as an Assistant Professor, and was promoted to an Associate Professor. In 2011, he joined the Electronic Engineering Department, Tsinghua University as a Professor, and has served as the Director of the Microwave and Antenna Institute since then. Dr. Yang’s research interests include antennas, periodic structures, computational electromagnetics, and applied electromagnetic systems. He has published over 200 journal articles and conference papers, five book chapters, and three books entitled Scattering Analysis of Periodic Structures Using Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Morgan & Claypool, 2012), Electromagnetic Band Gap Structures in Antenna Engineering (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2009), and Electromagnetics and Antenna Optimization Using Taguchi’s Method (Morgan & Claypool, 2007). Dr. Yang served as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation (2010-2013) and an Associate Editor-in-Chief of Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES) Journal (2008-2014). He was the Technical Program Committee (TPC) Chair of 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting. Dr. Yang has been the recipient of several prestigious awards and recognitions, including the Young Scientist Award of the 2005 URSI General Assembly and of the 2007 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory, the 2008 Junior Faculty Research Award of the University of Mississippi, the 2009 inaugural IEEE Donald G. Dudley Jr. Undergraduate Teaching Award, and the 2011 Recipient of Global Experts Program of China.

Atef Z. Elsherbeni received his Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering from Manitoba University, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, in 1987. Dr. Elsherbeni was with the University of Mississippi from 1987 to 2013. He was a Finland Distinguished professor from 2009 to 2011. In August 2013 he joined the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department at Colorado School of Mines where he is now the Dobelman Distinguished Chair Professor and the Electrical Engineering Department Head. His research interest includes the scattering and diffraction of EM waves, finite-difference time-domain analysis of antennas and microwave devices, field visualization and software development for EM education, interactions of electromagnetic waves with the human body, RFID and sensor integrated FRID systems, reflector and printed antennas and antenna arrays, and measurement of antenna characteristics and material properties. Dr. Elsherbeni is a Fellow member of IEEE and ACES. He is the Editor-in-Chief for ACES Journal. He was the general Chair for the 2014 APS-URSI Symposium and was the president of ACES Society from 2013 to 2015.

HD-2 - Surface Electromagnetics in Antenna Engineering: From EBG to Meta-surface and Beyond

Yahya Rahmat-Samii, Fan Yang